What is Oral Surgery?
Oral surgery is a specialized branch of dentistry that treats a broad spectrum of disorders, defects, diseases and injuries around the head and neck region, including face and jaw. Oral surgery, therefore, is a surgical specialty and is also known as oral and maxillofacial surgery. Most common oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures include extractions (moderate to severe, including wisdom teeth and impacted teeth), corrective jaw surgery, reconstructive oral surgery, placing dental implants, detection and treatment of diseases, etc.
One of the most common forms of oral surgery is tooth extraction.
Reasons behind tooth extraction may include:
a) Impacted or partially erupted wisdom tooth
b) Teeth beyond restoration either from tooth decay, root fracture, or trauma
c) Primary teeth that have failed to fall out preventing the eruption of permanent ones
d) Orthodontic treatment procedures, which may require extraction of some teeth to reduce crowding and to achieve the best result
2) Corrective and Reconstructive Jaw Surgery
Orthognathic surgery, more commonly known as jaw surgery, is performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon.
Main reasons for jaw surgery comprise:
a) TMJ disorder (temporomandibular joint disorder) and dysfunction caused by trauma or deformation
b) Major and minor trauma to the jaw
c) Malocclusion or Incorrect bite
d) Clenching, or grinding of the teeth (bruxism), which causes excessive tooth wear
e) Difficulty in chewing, eating, opening and closing the mouth, or talking
f) Incorrect jaw position and relation, which can lead to an out-of-proportion facial appearance
3) Dental Implants
Implants have become a standard procedure to replace missing teeth, or to provide stability to a new or existing denture.
Performed by an oral surgeon, the procedure for placing a dental implant may vary depending on the technique used by the surgeon, and by the type of implant used during the procedure. The results obtained after dental implant placement are far better than other methods of rehabilitation.
4) Detection and Treatment of Diseases
Oral surgeons are qualified to detect oral cancer, as the signs of this devastating disease typically go unnoticed and are not quickly recognized.
If any suspicious lesion is present in the region of mouth, face, jaw or neck with an underlying problem, then a biopsy may be performed to diagnose a possible condition. A biopsy is usually a surgical procedure in which a piece of tissue suspected of being diseased is removed from the body. An oral surgeon performs the biopsy.
Oral surgery is usually used to treat oral cancer, and may be employed as a combination treatment with radiation therapy.
Oral surgery is a standard way for surgeons to treat both common and unusual dental and oral problems. Though the actual cost of dental surgery can be enormous, knowing the average cost of oral surgery can help you plan for how much you may need to pay for the required treatment. Here are the average price ranges for some common procedures of oral surgery:
i) Simple tooth removal: $75-$450
ii) Surgical tooth removal: $150-$650
iii) Impacted wisdom teeth removal: $225-$600 per tooth
iv) Dental implant restorations can cost $2,000-$4,000 depending on the number of teeth that need to be replaced.
V) TMJ treatment can cost from $2,000 to $3,000 or more, depending on the extent of treatment required.
Vi) Without health insurance, Orthognathic surgery cost can range from about $20,000 to well over $40,000.
A good dental insurance can save a lot of costs on your oral surgery and make the whole process smooth and stress-free for you.
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